Nature in the area
Nature in the area
region is the Northern Dalarna, right in the center of the
Scandinavia Peninsula. Here lies the first northern wilderness
for who is coming from south; the first real mountains, even if
with softers heights and roughness than other European ranges,
like the Alps. You can have to hand the two distinctive environments
of these latitudes nature: taiga (coniferous forest) and tundra
(above the tree line). All of this at 5 and a half driving hours
from Stockholm or Oslo, where the main airports are.
Within a range of 70
km you can find 5 National Parks and about thirty nature
reserves, some of them huge, but all
with marvelous forest habitats, wet areas and mountain with easy
paths and not challenging slopes, and spectacular rapids and
18 km far from
Särna Glysjön Lake lies, which is a first-rate spot for many
birds, in every seasons: Osprey, Crane, Diver, Wooper Swan,
Goldeneye, Smew, Canada Goose, Willow grouse, Capercaillie, just
to mention the commonest. On the shores Elk, Fox and Beaver are common, but not
easy to spot due to their nocturnal habits. To see wolves,
lynxes or bears is very difficult as well, but following
statistics, to meet Bears and Wolves is easier in Dalarna than
in other Swedish areas.
Chances for birding
and nature photography are therefore remarkable.
the region Dalarna, also called
Dalecarlia, boasts the most traditional folk celebration of all
Sweden (Midsommar, around June 20th).
a look at the Chronicles of Särna to see the
pictures taken in the area in the last years.
is the best known protected area in the region, the first
mountain and unspoiled area of the Scandinavian Alps going
north, one of the very few so untouched in middle-south Sweden.
Made by sedimentary rocks similar to dolostone (and
rich in fossils), it is an undulating upland 15 km wide and 34
km long, altitude 1.000 meters. This tableau, scenic and
easy to approach, is surrounded by wooden slopes furrowed
by narrow ravines. At the north-east end of
the Park there is Njupeskär, the highest waterfall of the whole
country (93 mt. in total, 70 in a single jump).
park is at the same time the northernmost place where to see
typical european species, and the southernmost spot where to
meet arctic animals and plants. The upland heath is unique in
Sweden for its flora association: bushes, herbs and lichens.
Reindeers are not grazing here, and the result is an endless
white carpet of lichens.
wild environments and the several wet areas support a wide range
of bird life, as Three-toed Woodpecker, Bluethroat and Hawk Owl,
besides the well spread Capercaillie, Black Grouse and Willow
Grouse. The symbol of the Park is the Siberian Jay.
system is well developed, with about 140 km of marked paths, and
the possibility to overnight on the tableau.
park offers several suggestions, including:
path. A ring path very easy and popular, which offer a lot
from the point of view of scenery and nature: the lower part
first runs in a swamp, then into a beautiful virgin spruce
forest, with views over the stream. The goal is of course the
waterfall, whose cliff has hosted in 2008 a nesting Gyrfalcon,
seen in the area also the following year. Common and unshy the
Dipper, and Brambling, Firecrest, Kestrel, Ring Ouzel, Yellow
Wagtail. At the waterfall, where the strip of birch gives way to
the rock, in the right season you can meet the mountain Lemming.
Rörsjön. Lake area on the high altitude plateau, in the
open tundra. Depending on the snow situation it is possible to
reach this area which offers Red and Black-throated Diver,
Scooter, Blue-throat, Arctic Terns and other typical species of
Göljän Naturstig. The area of Göljän protects a site
with special characteristics. The path follows the valley of the
river with the same name, which was devastated in 1997 by an
huge flooding, which followed a storm of epochal dimensions. The
torrent swept away thousands of trees with a wall of water 6
feet high, creating a new course, and a new environment. The
path runs between a chaos of dead trees piled up by the force of
the water and exposed rocks, and areas where the forest is
restarting its cycle through pioneer species in an ecosystem in
progress which is unique in Europe.
It is a
"fäbod", a typical old summer pasture farm from
centuries ago, in the middle of the forest. At the end of XIX
century the site was also an overnight resort for the wanderers
along the ancient path to Njupeskär waterfalls. Stenvallen is
placed close to the National Park, in a protected biotope with
forest and marsh.
This reserve covers
a large area of open tundra at high altitude, dominated by the
peaks with the same name. Städjan in particular is
characteristic of this mountain region, with its profile shaped
like a volcano, when viewed from north or south; the peaks
around it are more rounded, covered with yellow and green
lichen. This reserve has a breeding station of Dotterel,
presence of Ptarmigan and other typical species of rocky or
grassy tundra: Golden Plover, Meadow Pipit, Whimbrel. Groups of
male reindeers are present in warm weather. The upper part, very
scenic, is easily accessible via a graveline road that ends at
1002 meters of altitude, which makes it the higher in the whole
The reserve also
protects the vast marshlands to the north, lakes (Store
Harundsjön, Burusjön) with the presence of Otter and Beaver,
and stretches of forest particularly rich in Black and
Three-toed Woodpecker, alongside the usual birdlife of this
Located about two
hours drive away, in the neighboring region of Jämtland,
Flatruet is a tundra plateau at 975 meters of altitude, crossed
by a small road. It is therefore a comfortable door to a vast
open tundra environment, beyond the limit of vegetation, rich in
ponds and marshes that are homing a rich bird life, easy to
observe: Wheatear, Meadow Pipit, Long-tailed Skua, Dunlin, Wood
Sandpiper, Lapland Bunting, Golden Plover, Dotterel, Greenshank,
Arctic Tern, Red-necked Phalarope, Rough-legged Buzzard,
Bluethroat, and more, but also Stoat and mountain Lemming.
huge protected areas are the Långfjället Nature Reserve,
Vedungfjällen N.R., and the national parks Rogen, Femundsmarka
e Gutulia (the lattest two in the near Norway).
region is rich in rivers and consequently falls and rapids. The
most famous and spectacular is the mentioned Njupeskär, but
others are scattered across the region:
8 km from Särna the river Fjätan shapes some spectacular jumps
on a broad front, with great flow of water, digging a large
canyon in the forest.
Fjätfallet at Fjätervålen, the lesser sister Fjätfallen
offer equally lovely views.
In the Långfjället reserve, along the river Olan valley close
to the Norwegian border, is a small waterfall at the end of a 4
km path, which mostly deserve for the landscape and the birch
An easy 1,6 km nature trail leads to a stretch of the river
Fulu, near the Fulufjället N.P. where within 400 meters 8
rapids are embedded in the forest, for a total jump of 80
In the Vedungfjällen nature reserve, set in a magnificent
forest, some spectacular and large waterfalls with a chain of
jumps of about 12/15 meters each.